On 31 October 1517 Martin Luther openly challenged the Roman Catholic Church marking the “official” beginning of the Reformation. On31 October Kaiser Wilhelm visited Jerusalem to open a new German Church. Germany was forging closer links with the Ottoman Empire. On 31 October 1917 British abd ANZAC won decisive battle at Beersheba which opened the way to Jerusalem. Also on 31 October the British Government agreed to establish a home for the Jewish people in Israel, whcih led to the issuing of the Balfour Declaration a few days later. This documentary looks at four major events which occurred on the 31st October. The links are such that it almost seems as if they were destined to occur on the same day.